Productivity of Unionized and Non- Unionized Workers in the Construction Sector: A Review of the Literature

About the Report

The unionization rate has been decreasing steadily over the last decades in Canada and even more so in the United States. Recently, however, in a climate of increasing inequality, unions seem to be enjoying a surge in popularity among the public, at least in the United States. In a recent Gallup poll, 64 per cent of Americans approved of labour unions, up from 48 per cent in 2009.

That being said, whether unions play a negative or positive role in the economy is still an open question. Employers may take the negative side, arguing against the increased wages they need to pay or the inflexibility introduced in working arrangements. Employees, on the other hand, would usually take the positive side, arguing that unions provide them with a voice to discuss openly with management, thus staying with their current employer for a longer period and reducing employee turnover.

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OCS Productivity Report 2019

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File of the 2019 Productivity Report